By Marie Eileen Francois
Pairing the learn of loved ones intake with a close research of the increase of personal and public pawnbroking presents an unique context for realizing the function of small enterprise in daily life. Marie Eileen Francois weighs colonial reforms, liberal laws, and social revolution by way of their influence on families and pawning businesses.
Based on facts from pawnshop inventories, censuses, laws, petitions, literature, and newspapers, A tradition of daily Credit portrays families, small companies, and govt entities as intersecting arenas in a single fabric global, an international strapped for money all through many of the century and grew to become the other way up throughout the Mexican Revolution.
Read or Download A Culture of Everyday Credit: Housekeeping, Pawnbroking, and Governance in Mexico City, 1750-1920 (Engendering Latin America) PDF
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Extra resources for A Culture of Everyday Credit: Housekeeping, Pawnbroking, and Governance in Mexico City, 1750-1920 (Engendering Latin America)
The evidence from pawning inventories suggests that the portrait of the desperately poor, vice-ridden, or dishonest pawning clientele in the discourse of Spanish statesmen was overdrawn, while the image of the typical pawning customer as a woman was more on the mark. Yet the emphasis in the rhetoric on women as pawning clientele perhaps served the state in making pawning and state policy regarding pawning more acceptable. If women were seen as the chief beneﬁciaries, the government policy was cast in a positive light, protecting the population as a good patriarch should.
Urban housekeeping patterns included the pawning strategies women used in managing budgets along a spectrum from subsistence levels to conspicuous consumption. Housekeeping work entailed the reproduction of people and of status, the production and preparation of food and clothing for household consumption, and the creation of culture. Three sets of evidence shape this discussion. First, in concert with other social legislation, Bourbon-era laws regulated pawning practices in corner stores and the Monte de Piedad.
Some women also may not have stated occupations because of perceptions of dishonor for those working outside the home. A case from 1809 illustrates the multiple employment strategies that might have escaped census data. Women in a household on Arco headed by Manuela Gonzalez were accused of running a house of prostitution. Testimony in court from Manuela, her daughter, and neighbors argued that she was not in fact a madam and that she instead made a living as a go-between (corredora) in the buying and selling of jewels and clothing, working in contact with both men and women (which explained why they visited her house frequently) who had businesses in the Parián market.