By Joseph G. Ponterotto Ph.D.
Robert (Bobby) James Fischer was once one of many global s such a lot mysterious and interesting personalities of the center twentieth century. He unmarried handedly ended a 35 yr span of Russian domination of elite chess whilst he defeated Boris Spassky for the area Chess Championship in 1972 in Reykjavik, Iceland. Fischer s dynamic victory ignited in americans a fondness for the sport of chess and a deep satisfaction in being American in the course of the top of the chilly struggle. the realm is familiar with the tale of Fischer s ascent to the head of chess genius and brilliance, and it is familiar with of his mental decline into social isolation, paranoia, and sure psychological affliction. Now, for the 1st time, via A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer: figuring out the Genius, secret, and mental Decline of an international Chess Champion, we come to appreciate the interior workings of Fischer s brain the genetic, own, relations, cultural, and political components that jointly supply a penetrating window into the why of Bobby Fischer s genius and peculiar habit. popular counseling psychologist and writer Dr. Joseph G. Ponterotto deconstructs nearly each point of Fischer s own and profession lifestyles to sculpt an integrative mental profile of this enigmatic international character. even though there were many articles, books, and flicks on Bobby Fischer, this article represents the 1st scholarly mental evaluation of the realm s most renowned chess champion. one of the themes addressed within the present quantity are Bobby s early relations atmosphere and his ordinary highbrow presents that predisposed him to genius in chess. severe to figuring out Bobby s character improvement is his dating along with his mom Regina Fischer and his sister Joan Fischer, in addition to his courting to his most probably organic father, Paul Felix Nemenyi. those subject matters are explored in-depth and the impression of those relationships on Bobby s mental improvement is highlighted. Bobby s later-life inner psychological kingdom -- his distrust, anger, and hatred of Jews is explored and the origins of this affective kingdom are heavily tested. Dr. Ponterotto additionally offers the 1st, conscientiously and carefully sculpted mental post-mortem of Bobby Fischer counting on glossy mental evaluate approaches. Of curiosity to readers should be a whole bankruptcy evaluating the genius and psychological well-being demanding situations of the USA maximum chess champions who lived a century aside, Paul Morphy and Bobby Fischer. This publication additionally explores the subject of the superiority of psychological disorder between elite chess gamers, and offers a serious evaluation of the examine at the strength dating among creativity (a hallmark of chess genius) and vulnerability to psychological ailment. ultimately, Dr. Ponterotto outlines counseling and psychotherapy interventions that in all probability may have helped Bobby all through his existence. even though there are many biographies at the lifetime of Bobby Fischer, this article represents the 1st scholarly, systematically derived psychobiography of this nice chess champion and enigmatic global character. The ebook contains 10 content material chapters and choose Tables, Figures, and kinfolk Genograms, in addition to Appendices offering vast element at the lifetime of Bobby Fischer and relatives. eventually, the publication contains a few unique kin photographs by no means prior to released.
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Additional resources for A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer
1 on the next page presents a partial family tree inclusive of five generations of the Fischer family. The family tree begins with Bobby’s maternal great grandparents, moves to his grandparents ( Jacob and Natalie Wender), and lists his mother’s (Regina Wender Fischer) significant love relationships (Hans Gerhardt Fischer, Paul F. Nemenyi, and Cyril Pustan), as well as his own romantic partners in his adulthood (Zita Rajcsanyi, Miyoko Watai, Marilyn Young, and Petra Dautov). Bobby’s mother, Regina Wender, was of Polish-Jewish heritage born in Switzerland to Jacob and Natalie Wender on March 31, 1913.
Long-time Fischer biographer Frank Brady (2011) documented that the Fischer family moved residences (across many different cities) 10 times during the first six years of young Bobby’s life. Additionally, because of Regina’s need to work, Bobby spent a lot of time alone. Brady (2011) noted that: Bobby was often alone. When he came home from school, it was usually to an empty apartment. His mother was at work during the days and sometimes in the evenings, and his sister was generally busy in school until later in the afternoon.
Chess Champion. S. Chess Champion eight times between 1958 and 1967 (see Brady, 1973). At the age of fifteen, after placing fifth in the Interzonal Tournament in Portoroz (formerly of Yugoslavia, and now part of Croatia), Bobby was awarded the title of International Grandmaster, the youngest person until that time, to be so honored. In his final march toward the world chess title Fischer came in first in the Interzonal Tournament in 1970 in Palma de Majorca, Spain. Then Bobby had to play three 10-game candidate’s matches against the world’s top players to decide Spassky’s 1972 challenger.