Download Bullies, Bastards & Bitches: How to Write the Bad Guys of by Jessica Morrell PDF

By Jessica Morrell

Get to understand Your Character's Sinister Side

A really memorable antagonist isn't really a one-dimensional great villain bent on international domination for no specific cause. real looking, credible undesirable men create crucial tale issues, customize clash, upload immediacy to a narrative line, and strength the protagonist to evolve.

From mischief-makers to villains to arch nemeses, "Bullies, Bastards & Bitches" exhibits you the way to create nuanced undesirable men who're imperative to the tales within which they seem. via particular guideline and examples from modern bestsellers and vintage page-turners, writer Jessica web page Morrell additionally indicates you the way to:

Understand the sophisticated yet key variations among unlikeable protagonists, anti-heroes, darkish heroes, and undesirable boys
Supply even your darkest sociopath with a sympathetic characteristic that might interact readers
Set the level for an unforgettable standoff among your hero and your villain
Choose the correct kind of girl villain–femme fatale, mommy dearest, avenger, etc.–for your tale

"Bullies, Bastards & Bitches" is your all-encompassing bad-guy compendium to tapping into any character's darkish facet.

Show description

By Jessica Morrell

Get to understand Your Character's Sinister Side

A really memorable antagonist isn't really a one-dimensional great villain bent on international domination for no specific cause. real looking, credible undesirable men create crucial tale issues, customize clash, upload immediacy to a narrative line, and strength the protagonist to evolve.

From mischief-makers to villains to arch nemeses, "Bullies, Bastards & Bitches" exhibits you the way to create nuanced undesirable men who're imperative to the tales within which they seem. via particular guideline and examples from modern bestsellers and vintage page-turners, writer Jessica web page Morrell additionally indicates you the way to:

Understand the sophisticated yet key variations among unlikeable protagonists, anti-heroes, darkish heroes, and undesirable boys
Supply even your darkest sociopath with a sympathetic characteristic that might interact readers
Set the level for an unforgettable standoff among your hero and your villain
Choose the correct kind of girl villain–femme fatale, mommy dearest, avenger, etc.–for your tale

"Bullies, Bastards & Bitches" is your all-encompassing bad-guy compendium to tapping into any character's darkish facet.

Show description

Read Online or Download Bullies, Bastards & Bitches: How to Write the Bad Guys of Fiction PDF

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Extra info for Bullies, Bastards & Bitches: How to Write the Bad Guys of Fiction

Example text

For example, we may assess a piece of work by comparing it with that of other students, or with success criteria, or with work of a similar nature produced by the same student. (p. 107) Validity The term ‘validity’ refers to whether a form of assessment actually measures what it claims to measure. Angoff (1988) and Wiliam (2008) both consider that validity is ‘an evolving concept’, pointing out that one cannot always validate a means of assessment according to what it contains, but only by what it can predict.

Trends in such data reveal nothing particularly significant about improvements in standards, but simply indicate that students are getting better drilled and prepared for taking exams. Annually improving pass rates, Gorard would argue, simply reflect better performance at test-taking rather than any evidence of better learning. CAN ASSESSMENT RAISE STANDARDS? 33 Although assessment evidence is increasingly used by governments as a means of supporting policy implementation and of checking whether such policies are broadly successful, using assessment data in this way unearths a number of validity issues and unrealistic assumptions about what such data can legitimately tell us.

Formative assessment is all about helping students to improve their assessed performance as a result of achieving success in their learning. It is the act of ‘closing the gap’ between their current performance and realistic expectations of what they can achieve in the future. This implies clear planning and communication on the part of the teacher, coupled with engagement and effort on the part of the student. 3 Can assessment raise standards? Education is currently immersed in a standards culture, or, more accurately, a need to both meet and then raise standards.

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