By Zoltán Tibor Pállinger, Visit Amazon's Bruno Kaufmann Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Bruno Kaufmann, , Wilfried Marxer, Theo Schiller
Modern direct democracy has lately turn into an important part of political lifestyles in lots of nations in Europe - and all over the world. The initiative and referendum technique bargains additional channels of participation and will function an immense supplementary establishment in consultant democratic platforms. this primary quantity of the recent sequence Direct Democracy in sleek Europe positive aspects 16 systematic and extensively empirical methods to the research of recent direct democracy in the context of ecu politics including
- approach contexts and results of the initiative and referendum process
- theoretical methods and simple values in glossy direct democracy
- the standard and institutional layout of direct democratic mechanisms
- features of data and communication
- institutional functionality and financial effectiveness
- transnational demanding situations and the advance of direct democracy in Europe
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Extra info for Direct Democracy in Europe: Developments and Prospects
Vol. 3, Sage studies in contemporary political sociology. Beverly Hills, Sage Publications. Huntington, Samuel P. (1991): The Third Wave—Democratization in the Late 20th Century. Norman, OK, University of Oklahoma Press. The Initiative & Referendum Institute Europe (IRI Europe) (2005):. Guidebook to Direct Democracy—In Switzerland and Beyond. 2005 Edition. Amsterdam, The Initiative & Referendum Institute Europe. Lehmbruch, Gerhard (1967): Proporzdemokratie. Politisches System und Politische Kultur in der Schweiz und in Österreich.
21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. Number of Recommendations1 35 32 30 Weight of Interest Group2 40 37 35 29 29 27 21 20 16 15 15 12 12 11 11 10 10 9 9 8 34 34 32 26 25 21 20 20 17 17 16 16 15 15 14 14 13 8 8 8 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 13 13 13 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 6 6 6 11 11 11 1 Number of registered recommendations on the forty ballot issues voted on in Switzerland between November 1993 and September 1997. For those interest groups with fewer than six recommendations each, the distribution of recommendations within the sample was as follows (number of interest groups in parentheses): 5 recommendations (12 interest groups); 4 recommendations (15 interest groups); 3 recommendations (22 interest groups); 2 recommendations (42 interest groups); 1 recommendation (138 interest groups).
Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Init. Init. Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Init. 13 The special case of Bretton Woods apart, there were five clear instances of external or internal integration issues. The 1986 referendum on joining the United Nations and the 1992 referendum on joining the European Economic Area concerned the external integration of Switzerland within the international community. 3 Data Analysis (I): More vs. 001). For integration policies, however, the number of cases is too low for the results to be statistically significant.