By Thomas P. Naidich, Henri M. Duvernoy, Bradley N. Delman, A. Gregory Sorensen, Spyros S. Kollias, E. Mark Haacke
Advanced MRI calls for complicated wisdom of anatomy. This quantity correlates thin-section mind anatomy with corresponding scientific three T MR pictures in axial, coronal and sagittal planes to illustrate the anatomic bases for complicated MR imaging. It in particular correlates complex neuromelanin imaging, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and diffusion tensor tractography with medical three and four T MRI to demonstrate the appropriate nuclear and fiber tract anatomy imaged via those options. every one quarter of the mind stem is then analyzed with 9.4 T MRI to teach the anatomy of the medulla, pons, midbrain, and parts of the diencephalonin with an in-plane answer reminiscent of myelin- and Nissl-stained mild microscopy (40-60 microns). the quantity is thoroughly prepared as a educating textual content, utilizing concise drawings and lovely anatomic/MRI pictures to provide the knowledge in sequentially finer element, so the reader simply assimilates the relationships one of the constructions proven via high-field MRI.
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Extra resources for Duvernoy’s Atlas of the Human Brain Stem and Cerebellum: High-Field MRI: Surface Anatomy, Internal Structure, Vascularization and 3D Sectional Anatomy
2), the cranial nerve nuclei (Fig. 3) and the principal functional pathways (Figs. 5). The structure is then presented in detail, using a series of 16 axial (transverse or horizontal) sections (Figs. 22) parallel to Schaltenbrand’s intercommissural plane. These may be compared to the the axial anatomic and MRI sections shown in Figs. 29. Structure of the brain stem This study is based primarily on the works of Riley  and Olsewsky and Baxter . See also works by [7, 8, 13, 19, 24, 25, 35, 38, 39, 42, 44, 50, 66, 67, 72, 74, 78, 85, 88, 93, 99, 106, 109, 122, 131, 147, 148, 181, 194, 195, 201, 202, 212, 221, 228, 229, 236, 238, 244, 245, 248, 281, 286, 287, 291, 304, 322, 322a, 324, 329, 360, 372, 382, 386, 396, 398, 405, 434, 441, 443, 454, 455, 466, 486].
Diagram. The angular relationships of the other vermian lobules to the brain stem may be measured by translating the PC-O line to the apex of the fourth ventricle (fastigial sulcus) and measuring the angles there. Alternatively one may simply extend the folium line anteriorly, measure the lobular angles with respect to the folium line, and then adjust arithmetically for the folial angle itself. 3). Wider angles of anterior lobules do correlate with narrower angles of posterior lobules, however, raising question of possible conservation of substrate destined for construction of the vermis .
Bar: 5 mm. The superior vermis rises above the cerebellar hemispheres, while the inferior vermis is deeply embedded within the posterior cerebellar notch and the vallecula. 26 1 1’ 2 3 3’ 4 5 6 7 8 9 Culmen Quadrangular lobule Postcentral fissure Central lobule Ala of the central lobule Lingula Superior medullary velum Anterior superior (primary) fissure Simple lobule Posterior superior fissure Superior semilunar lobule SURFACE ANATOMY OF THE BRAIN STEM AND CEREBELLUM B 10 11 12 13 14 15 15’ 16 17, 17’ 18 18’ Great horizontal fissure Inferior semilunar lobule Prepyramidal fissure Biventral lobule Postpyramidal fissure (secondary fissure) Uvula Tonsil Vallecula Posterolateral fissure Nodulus Flocculus 18” 19 20 21 22 23 Paraflocculus Brachium of the flocculus (peduncle of the flocculus) and inferior medullary velum Middle cerebellar peduncle (brachium pontis) Fastigial sulcus Superior portion of the ventricular roof (median vermian portion) Superior portion of the ventricular roof (lateral hemispheric portion) 27 SECTION I Fig.