By Trevor Lloyd
For nearly 200 years Britain ruled the realm, its naval supremacy allowing it to procure an enormous empire, together with India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and lots more and plenty of Africa. even though it couldn't hinder its American colonies from changing into self reliant, its business and advertisement energy helped it to maintain its scattered possessions below regulate, whereas a small military used to be enough to place down local rebellions within the absence of the involvement of oher Euroean states. A dwindling economic system, and the price of global wars, observed this once-mighty empire fall apart, giving within the technique independence to just about all of its dominions within the years after 1945. Empire is a succinct and hugely readable account of this remarkable upward push and fall.>
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Extra resources for Empire: A History of the British Empire
The East India Company was reorganised at the beginning of the i66os and, from the point of view of the shareholders, the next twenty-five or thirty years were the happiest in its history. It moved on from its pepper trade in north-western India to exporting cotton textiles to England and to much of Europe. The seventeenth century introduced people in England and Europe to a variety of new things to cheer and soothe them. Tobacco, for smoking or for snuff, became increasingly popular. Distilled spirits had certainly been used in Scotland from the late fifteenth century, but sugar from the West Indies opened up great prospects for rum.
Ireland was equally and more irreconcilably divided, and its economic prospects were less good. Emigrants from Scotland and Ireland, joined by people from other parts of Protestant Europe, moved to America in such numbers that by the 17708 it had a population of over 2,000,000. When John Wesley came to America in 1735 to preach the restrained and decorous Anglicanism of the day, he met a group of Moravians (Protestants from what is now the Czech Republic) who put him on the road to a belief in the need for enthusiasm and a more active religious involvement than anything he had known previously.
Benjamin West's painting of The Death of Wolfe, departing from the older conventions of classical dress and laurel for the victors, was seen as a new and realistic departure, and it added to the glamour of death on the battlefield. Wolfe was buried at Quebec, with the inscription on his tomb 'Here lies Wolfe victorious'. Over the years English-Canadians too often referred to Wolfe's victory as a reason why the views of French-Canadians could be ignored. The inscription on the tomb now simply says 'Here lies Wolfe'.