By Charles F. Nunn
The kings of Spain forbade foreigners and different 'undesirables' to immigrate to Spanish the United States. They observed extraterrestrial beings as threatening imperial, non secular and mercantile safeguard, and it could actually accordingly be assumed that the Spaniards have been xenophobic and illiberal. Dr Nunn's examine exhibits that statutes inform in basic terms a part of the tale. within the years 1700-60 a few three consistent with cent of the foreign-born in Mexico have been non-Spaniards who had entered the colony illegally. Who have been those humans, the place did they arrive from, and what have been their factors? In answering those questions, Dr Nunn demonstrates how unlawful immigrants usually escaped legit detection and the way even these identified to the specialists have been frequently allowed to stay and make new lives for themselves. Neither Protestant nor Jew went to the stake in eighteenth-century Mexico. Harassment used to be prone to come from officers looking money for an impecunious executive than from the Inquisition.
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Additional resources for Foreign Immigrants in Early Bourbon Mexico, 1700–1760
66 The reasons parliament declared war in 1739 had little to do with the atrocity of Captain Jenkins' Ear but stemmed rather from a desire to acquire Florida and to extend the Asiento agreement. Due to lapse in 1743, the Asiento agreement had been an appendage to the Treaty of Utrecht ending the War of Spanish Succession in 1713. A significant part of the British price for peace, the agreement had seemed to herald the end of whatever effectiveness remained in the old legislation against foreign trade in the Indies.
Bribery, friendship, and extended family relationships may have opened the door to some foreigners who failed to meet the legal Entering the viceroyalty 33 requirements of Spanish naturalization. 13 In any event, licenses were always a handy thing for aliens to have. Although not altogether necessary, the proper papers could save a great deal of inconvenience, including, in some cases, expulsion itself. The majority of immigrants, both Spanish and foreign-born, traveled on legal Spanish shipping.
This realization, in turn, partly explains the acceptance offered to numerous foreigners who entered New Spain before, during, and after the life of the Asiento. CHAPTER 2 Entering the viceroyalty: immigrants by accident and by design Mercantilist legislation went beyond attempts at controlling balances of trade and encouraging shipbuilding. Good mercantilists recognized that people too were important to the economic power of the nation. These theorists held that large populations were good and that individuals, especially skilled, 'useful3 individuals, were a valued national resource.