By Henry Lutz Ehrlich, Dianne K. Newman, Andreas Kappler
Explores the function that microbes have performed in particular geological processes-featuring the latest findings at the increasing microbial habitat. incorporates a worthy word list of key words. Revised version.
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Extra info for Geomicrobiology
1979. Evidence that bacteria can form new cells in air-borne particles. Appl Environ Microbiol 37:924–927. Fooden J. 1972. Breakup of Pangaea and isolation of relict mammals in Australia, South America, and Madagascar. Science 175:894–898. Fredrickson JK, Onstott TC. 1996. Microbes deep inside the Earth. Sci Am 275: 68–83. Furnes H, Staudigel H. 1999. Biological mediation in ocean crust alteration: How deep is the deep biosphere? Earth Planet Sci Lett 166:97–103. Ghiorse WC, Wilson JT. 1988. Microbial ecology of the terrestrial subsurface.
5 billion-year-old Warrawoona Group (Pilbara Supergroup) of Western Australia. Scale mark in panel c is 5 mm and also applies to panels a and b. ) Mojzsis et al. (1996) found carbon isotopic evidence in carbonaceous inclusions (graphitized carbon) within grains of apatite (basic calcium phosphate) from the oldest known sediment sequences that supports the existence of biotic activity. These sediment sequences are the $3:8 billion-year-old banded iron formation (BIF) of the Isua supracrustal belt of West Greenland and a similar $3:85 billionyear-old sedimentary formation on the nearby Akilia island.
The East Paciﬁc Ridge is also known as the East Paciﬁc Rise. Copyright © 2002 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. The Earth as a Microbial Habitat 11 FIG. 4 Schematic representation of seaﬂoor spreading and plate subduction. New oceanic crust is formed at the rift zone of the mid-ocean ridge. Old oceanic crust is consumed in the subduction zone near a continental margin or island arc. adjacent parts of the plates to be pushed away from the ridge in opposite directions (Fig. 4). The oldest portions of oceanic plates are consumed by subduction more or less in proportion to the formation of new oceanic plate at the mid-ocean ridges, thereby maintaining a fairly constant plate size.