God and Morality evaluates the moral theories of 4 precept philosophers, Aristotle, Duns Scotus, Kant, and R.M. Hare.Uses their considering because the foundation for telling the tale of the background and improvement of moral notion extra broadlyFocuses in particular on their writings on advantage, will, responsibility, and consequenceConcentrates at the theistic ideals to focus on continuity of philosophical concept
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Extra resources for God and Morality: A Philosophical History (First Books in Philosophy)
The premise is that for all x, there is a y such that x loves y. The conclusion is that there is a y such that for all x, x loves y. What has happened is that the order of the quantifiers has been changed, or shifted, and the order matters for validity in this inference. ” Why could it not be that when we trace back through the objects of our desires, we get to many independent things we want for themselves? I might want truth and understanding, friendship, and physical pleasure. But if these are all independent intrinsic goods, what is their relation to happiness?
But we cannot, strictly, commend the gods, since it is not commendation that applies to the best things, but something greater and better. 27 Compare the first use of “divine” in Book I, where Aristotle argues in Chapter 2 that the inquiry of the Ethics is a kind of political science, for the end of this science is the human good. ” Pope is not saying here that humans do not forgive, but that there is something humans do (namely forgiving) which is not merely human. I am interested in the use of “human” here.
We can think of the tuning of a piece of music, where the pitch A is set at 440 vibrations per second. The A will and should vary in performance, between rising and falling intervals on string instruments and the voice. But A = 440 is always there as a standard against which we hear the rest of the music, and we can check ourselves against it if we feel we are slipping. In the same way blessedness is a standard of happiness against which we can see how our lived happiness in fact varies with our different circumstances.