By William O'Donohue
Instruction manual of Behaviorism offers a entire unmarried resource that summarizes what behaviorism is, how some of the "flavors" of behaviorism have differed among significant theorists either in psychology and philosophy, and what facets of these theories were borne out in learn findings and stay of use in figuring out human habit.
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Additional resources for Handbook of Behaviorism
158) . A distinctly American philosophy—pragmatism—founded by Charles S . Peirce (1839–1914) and James at Harvard, and George Herbert Mead (1863–1931) and Dewey at Chicago (see Scheffler, 1974 ; cf. Pepper, 1942 on contextualism ; see Gifford S . C . Hayes, this volume) arose in this context . In this view, nature, mind, and behavior were acts in context, historically dependent and so too was science . As science advanced, new findings revealed the limitations of prior knowledge and prior assumptions, such that "effective action" be came a better criterion for truth than coherence or correspondence (Peirce, 1905 ; see Ayer, 1968) .
Skinner's psychology. London : Sage. E. (In press). Epistemological barriers to radical behaviorism. The Behavior Analyst. , & Naugle, A . (in preparation) . The anomalous cognitive revolution . Peters, R . S . (1958) . The concept of motivation. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul . Quine, W. V. O . (1960) . Word and object. T. Press . Rosch, E . (1978) . Principles of categorization . In E . Rosch & B . ), Cognition and categorization. New York : Wiley. Ryle, G . (1949) . The concept of mind. New York: Barnes & Noble .
Watson (1913b) likewise challenged prior knowledge and assumptions and became thoroughly pragmatic, although not obviously a philosophical pragmatist . This was the intellectual tradition out of which Watson's behaviorism emerged . It was also a context in which an objective psychology was becomin g almost inevitable . Such a psychology was emblematic of cultural values in th e United States and well suited to individuals such as Watson . This is material to which we now briefly turn. B. CULTURAL AND INDIVIDUAL CONTEX T 1 .