By Deborah E. Kanter
The standard lives of indigenous and Spanish households within the nation-state, a formerly under-explored section of Mexican cultural historical past, at the moment are illuminated during the vibrant narratives awarded in Hijos del Pueblo ("offspring of the village"). Drawing on overlooked civil and legal judicial documents from the Toluca sector, Deborah Kanter revives the voices of local men and women, their Spanish associates, muleteers, and hacienda peons to show off their struggles in an period of situation and uncertainty (1730-1850). enticing and significant biographies of indigenous villagers, male and female, illustrate that no student can comprehend the heritage of Mexican groups with no taking gender heavily. In felony interactions local plaintiffs and Spanish jurists faced crucial questions of identification and hegemony. without delay an insightful attention of person stories and sweeping paternalistic strength constructs, Hijos del Pueblo contributes vital new findings to the area of gender reports and the evolution of Latin the US.
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Extra resources for Hijos del Pueblo: Gender, Family, and Community in Rural Mexico, 1730-1850
Yet truly speaking for el común, for all, became more complicated when differences of wealth and ethnicity cut across Indian communities. The proliferation of contacts outside the home village also bred internal divisions. With land at a precious premium, many individuals had to supplement their incomes beyond the pueblo. 22 The ability to speak Spanish was both cause and effect of these typical movements beyond the pueblo. 24 Individuals who increasingly looked beyond the pueblo for their well-being had less desire and less cause to band together.
Brides, meanwhile, needed to be told, “You, woman, your obligation is to honor your husband, to obey him. ”15 Dilemmas arose when husbands and wives failed to fulfill the obligations of their gender. The turbulent behavior that Pérez hoped to check was, in fact, the stuff of everyday life. Countless records of marital disputes tell of abusive, negligent husbands and angry, disobedient wives. Authorities had to document and resolve the discordant cases; the historical record contains little about propitious or cooperative unions.
The case revolved around the question of who legally owned the slopes of the Nevado, the Conde de Santiago or the pueblos? 16 Juan Pedro Arévalo certainly heard stories of this bitter dispute from his parents and relatives. San Lucas pursued similar suits in 1774, 1791, 1810, 1821, and 1826. As a young man, Arévalo witnessed the trouble that arose from sharing a border with the Atengo estates. 17 Regulado, it seems, seized villagers’ livestock on pueblo land and demanded payment for their return.