By DK Publishing
For college kids of anatomy, biology, and the biomedical sciences; doctors; and curious households, DK's Human Anatomy may be a definitive resource.
Written through acclaimed anatomist, Dr. Alice Roberts, Human Anatomy is an up to date research of the physique. awesome electronic photos exhibit the physique in tremendous, true-to-life aspect. Exhaustive annotations give you the names of organs and buildings in the course of the skeletal, muscular, apprehensive, cardiovascular, lymphatic, and reproductive structures, whereas describing their features and functions.
This new addition to DK's award-winning catalog of human physique titles might help readers larger seize the deep complexities of the human physique for learn, examine, or normal reference.
Content formerly released as a part of entire Human Body.
"[O]ffers wide, distinct info at the platforms of the physique and the workings of the human brain." – RaisingArizonaKids.com
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Additional info for Human Anatomy
The sacroiliac joint provides a strong attachment between the ilium of the pelvis and the sacrum, and the hip joint is a much deeper and more stable ball-and-socket joint than that in the shoulder. The neck of the femur joins the head at an obtuse angle. A slightly raised diagonal line on the front of the neck (the intertrochanteric line) shows where the ﬁbrous capsule of the hip joint attaches to the bone. Tibia Medial condyle Patella The technical name for the kneecap comes from the Latin for small dish Apex of patella Lateral condyle of the femur Condyle comes from the Greek word for knuckle; the term describes parts of the ends of bones that form joints Lateral epicondyle The term epicondyle (meaning close to the condyle) describes a projecting part of bone near a joint that provides a point of attachment for muscles HIP AND THIGH Patellar surface of the femur Base of patella Shaft of femur This is not vertical, but angled inward slightly, to bring the knees under the body Medial epicondyle HIP AND THIGH Adductor tubercle The point at which the tendon of adductor magnus attaches to the femur 059 Acetabulum The three bones that comprise the pelvic bones—the ilium, ischium, and pubis (which fuse toward the end of puberty to form a single bone)—all come together in the base of the acetabulum POSTERIOR (BACK) Linea aspera The adductor muscles of the thigh attach to the femur along this line Gluteal tuberosity The lower part of the gluteus maximus muscle attaches here Lesser trochanter Intertrochanteric crest This smooth ridge joins the two trochanters Neck of femur Joins the femoral shaft at an angle of around 125º Greater trochanter Head of femur Medial condyle of tibia Medial condyle of femur Rests on the medial condyle of the tibia Adductor tubercle Popliteal surface This smooth area forms the base of the popliteal fossa at the back of the knee Lateral supracondylar line Medial supracondylar line The adductor magnus muscle attaches to the femur at the linea aspera and medial supracondylar line, all the way down to the adductor tubercle Shaft of femur Lateral condyle of tibia Lateral condyle of femur Articulates with the slightly concave lateral condyle of the tibia Intercondylar fossa Cruciate ligaments attach to the femur in this depression between the condyles Lateral epicondyle The shaft of the femur (thighbone) is cylindrical, with a marrow cavity.
Cartilaginous joints include the junctions between ribs and costal cartilages, joints between the components of the sternum, and the pubic symphysis. The intervertebral discs are also specialized cartilaginous joints. SKELETAL SYSTEM 044 ABDOMEN AND PELVIS The orientation of the facet joints (the joints between the vertebrae) of the lumbar spine means that rotation of the vertebrae is limited, but ﬂexion and extension can occur freely. There is, however, rotation at the lumbosacral joint, which allows the pelvis to swing during walking.
SKELETAL SYSTEM 038 First rib Third rib Fifth rib Seventh rib Ninth rib Tenth rib Eleventh rib With your ﬁngers tracing down the edge of the ribcage, you may be able to feel the end of the eleventh rib in your side Twelfth rib The twelfth rib is even shorter than the eleventh, and tucked underneath muscles, so it cannot be felt. Unlike most ribs, the twelfth has no costal groove 039 C7 (seventh cervical vertebra) THORAX Costal groove POSTERIOR (BACK) There are cartilaginous joints between the vertebrae at the back of the thorax, and between the parts of the sternum at the front.