Download International Organization: Theories and Institutions by J. Barkin PDF

By J. Barkin

This publication is an advent to the examine of overseas agencies within the box of diplomacy directed towards scholars within the self-discipline. It appears to be like on the alternative ways within which IOs are studied after which applies those assorted modes of analysis to numerous particular case studies.

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By J. Barkin

This publication is an advent to the examine of overseas agencies within the box of diplomacy directed towards scholars within the self-discipline. It appears to be like on the alternative ways within which IOs are studied after which applies those assorted modes of analysis to numerous particular case studies.

Show description

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Additional info for International Organization: Theories and Institutions

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Many IOs that deal with environmental issues, for example, have separate scientific bodies. These bodies are tasked with developing programs of research into the relevant environmental phenomena that are separate from the research undertaken by national research communities. There are two reasons for an IO to have this sort of research capability. The first is to provide research in areas where such research does not already exist. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), for example, was authorized by the UN General Assembly (GA) explicitly to provide the sort of overview of climate science and the issue of climate change that did not exist at the time.

Many IOs have a legal department or bureau that provides advice both to the secretariat and to member states on legal issues related to the IO’s remit. ”15 There is one IO that deals almost exclusively with adjudication: the International Court of Justice (ICJ). 16 Many treaties call for the creation of ad hoc panels to settle specific disputes relating to their rules. A few IOs have full-time dispute settlement bodies as part of their organizational structure. The best known example is the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM), which adjudicates trade disputes among WTO member states.

In late 2001, for example, some parts of the UN sympathized with the bombing of Afghanistan,42 while other parts were attempting to engage in supplying humanitarian aid. This resulted in an unclear message as to where the UN stood, and what role it played, with respect to governance in Afghanistan. A final observation of neoinstitutionalist analysis is that bureaucracies will often have a great commitment at minimum to their own self-preservation and at 36 ● International Organization: Theories and Institutions maximum to institutional growth.

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