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By H. Compston

This research offers, for the 1st time, a synoptic photo of the long run instructions during which public coverage in ecu nations is probably going to maneuver in keeping with utilizing modern theories of policy-making to infer the results for public coverage of significant long term technological, financial, environmental and social developments.

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By H. Compston

This research offers, for the 1st time, a synoptic photo of the long run instructions during which public coverage in ecu nations is probably going to maneuver in keeping with utilizing modern theories of policy-making to infer the results for public coverage of significant long term technological, financial, environmental and social developments.

Show description

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Castells argues that the development of ICT has contributed to the creation of a new informational, global and networked economy during the last quarter of the 20th century. The new economy is informational because the competitiveness of firms, regions and nations increasingly depends on their capacity to generate, process and apply information, which is obviously facilitated by the application of ICT. It is global because it is organized on a global scale, which again is facilitated by ICT. And it is networked because productivity is generated through, and competition is played out in, a global network of interaction between business networks that are largely constituted by computer networks.

Adaptation of laws and law enforcement to the challenge of cybercrime The emergence and evolution of cybercrime inevitably elicits a response from law enforcement agencies as they transfer their commitment to fighting crime to a new front. This is likely to be supported by increasing pressure exerted directly or indirectly by the increasing number of organizational victims of cybercrime. 5 Examples of technical protection against cybercrime Type Explanation and examples Adoption of best practice Includes regular updating of operating systems and software, strong password policies, locking down systems, disabling all unnecessary services, installation and regular updating of anti-virus software, firewalls and high fidelity intrusion detection systems, encryption, and regular backing up and storing offsite of all vital data For example blocking untrusted source addresses and offensive websites and emails Instructing computers to analyse what incoming messages say rather than simply executing the code directly, then ensuring that no combination of computer responses to this data can affect a core operating programme Removes the possibility of access from another system (although even disconnected systems are vulnerable to insiders such as janitors), although going this far substantially reduces the usefulness of computer systems Electronic surveillance, restricting access to relevant servers, restricting access to copyrighted works through encryption, electronic locks, digital signatures and digital fingerprinting (steganography), incorporation into copyrighted works of software that restricts copying and usage or which destroys data when unauthorized copying occurs (logic bombs) Upgrading credit card security, for instance by incorporating biometric means of verifying identity; fraud detection software, improved cryptography Systematic and automated monitoring of electronic financial transactions to identify those of a suspect nature Ingress and egress filtering Parsing all input data Physical disconnection from all other systems Anti-piracy measures Measures against electronic funds transfer crime Measures against money laundering Sources: Libicki 1995 ch.

The new economy is powered by information technology, organized around computer networks and staffed by self-programmable labour. Innovation depends on knowledge generation facilitated by open access to online information, and profits are increasingly obtained by means of designing applications, selling services, packaging and customizing. In other words, successful organizations are those that generate knowledge and process information efficiently, adapt to the variable geometry of the global economy, are flexible enough to change what they do as goals change, and innovate (Castells 2000: 99-101, 188, 207), and for these purposes the network enterprise is seen as the superior organizational form.

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