By John M. Carey
Legislatures are the middle consultant associations in smooth democracies. electorate wish legislatures to be decisive, they usually wish responsibility, yet they're often disenchanted with the illustration legislators convey. Political events provides decisiveness in legislatures, and so they may supply collective responsibility, yet voters and political reformers often call for one other form of responsibility from legislators - on the person point. Can legislatures supply either forms of responsibility? This publication considers what collective and person responsibility require and offers the main large cross-national research of legislative vote casting undertaken so far. It illustrates the stability among individualistic and collective illustration in democracies, and the way get together team spirit in legislative vote casting shapes that stability. as well as quantitative research of balloting styles, the publication attracts on broad box and archival examine to supply an intensive evaluation of legislative transparency in the course of the Americas.
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Extra resources for Legislative Voting and Accountability
Legislators in every country except Colombia acknowledged the existence of procedures to provide for expulsion on grounds of indiscipline, but most emphasized that party leaders prefer to induce loyalty by other means, if possible, particularly ones that are less public and dramatic. Vicente Albornoz (interview), of Ecuador’s Democracia Popular, for example, 3 Colombia subsequently reformed the extremely individualistic electoral system to which Andrade refers in this comment, replacing it with one that retains substantial individualism but increases somewhat the extent to which copartisans’ electoral fates are intertwined.
The View from the Chamber During the late 1990s, and again during the first half of this decade, the Proyecto de Elites Latinoamericanas project conducted surveys of legislators throughout Latin America on an array of issues, including the principals to whom they are responsive and their disposition toward party leaders. Some of the questions were repeated across the two rounds of surveys, and attitudes toward party leadership and discipline in these cases show remarkable stability over time (Alca´ntara 1994–2000; Proyecto E´lites Parlamentarias Latinoamericanas 2006).
Nor, indeed, would most academics who call for strong parties aspire to Leninist centralism. But whereas academic observers have been inclined, on the whole, to see parties as weaker than they ought to be and needing fortification, the general tide of reform in Latin America has 24 Legislative Parties and Discipline in Latin America run against the authority of central party leaders, in the name of increasing the accountability of individual legislators. 2. 1. How Parties’ Positions Are Determined All legislatures with which I am familiar are organized along party lines, meaning that party units are accorded rights over legislative resources, including representation on the organ that controls the legislative agenda, as well as whatever offices and staff are available.