By Eduardo Matos Moctezuma
The nice temple often called the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan symbolizes the axis mundi, the Aztec heart of the realm, the place the sky, the earth, and the underworld met. during this quantity, Matos Moctezuma makes use of his unrivaled familiarity with the archaeological information to give a concise and well-supported improvement of this subject.
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Extra info for Life and death in the Templo Mayor
First were the soldier-chroniclers, who on many occasions sought to exalt the enterprise of conquest and to obtain privileges from the Crown. They were responsible for the Spanish victory, and their accounts were devoted for the most part to describing the 1Matos Moctezuma 1978b. Page 2 entire process of the armed combat, although they also wrote interest- ing descriptions of other topics. This was true, for example, of Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Hernán Cortés, and Tapia, all of whom referred directly to the Templo Mayor, which they had seen, described, and finally destroyed.
These directions were also identified with specific plants, as can be seen in the Códice Borgia. 27 The center, or navel, of those four directions, where the vertical and the horizontal planes crossed, was located in the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan. That was the reason for its great sanctity. Similarly, the city of Tenochtitlan was located in the middle of a lake, which corresponded to the concept of cemanahuac, the idea that land was surrounded by water, the turquoise ring. The Mexica's city of origin, Aztlan, was also located in the middle of a lake and was surrounded by water.
For its part, the exploited class was composed chiefly of farmers and artisans. It did the manual labor and was the work force that carried out collective construction projects, such as the building of temples, highways, and hydraulic works, and served in war. 16. Bate 1984. 17. Bate 1984. Page 14 The existence of these two classes was tied to the existence of the state, which regulated what was needed to ensure that the servitude persisted. 18 One of the important aspects of social control was based on religion, which benefited the ruling class.