By Michel Arrivé
When you learn or reread Freud, it's tough to not locate on a unmarried web page references to language: from speech to textual content, from slip of the tongue to be aware play, from letter to meaning-passing necessarily throughout the unusual proposal of literal meaning, that interested Freud. in brief, the subconscious is associated with language. How may well it's in a different way, if psychoanalysis is a treatment via speech as indicated as early as 1881, through Fraülein Anna O.? the matter of the connection among linguistic and psychoanalytic options unavoidably arises. before this query has been tested usually through psychoanalysts, from their very own point of view, yet right here it's investigated by way of a linguist, who systematically explores domain names. the 1st is expounded to the sign and symbol, the place the assembly of Freud, Saussure and Hjelmselv ocurred; while within the moment, that of the signifier, Saussure reappears escorted by way of Lacan. yet Freud isn't really far-off, sine the Lacanian concept of the signifier is rooted not just in Saussure's Cours, but in addition within the Metapsychology and in Freud's Correspondence with Fliess. To aspire to resolve this knot, in reality corresponds to try a interpreting of the Lacanian aphorism “the subconscious is dependent like a language”.
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Additional info for Linguistics and Psychoanalysis: Freud, Saussure, Hjelmslev, Lacan and others
To establish a rigorous articulation between these two theorizations one must first consider to what extent these two diachronies can be treated as homologous; this is what I shall try to do in chapter I of the second part of this book. To leave Lacan aside for the moment, we should note that in Saussure the symbol is "the combination of three or four features which can part company at any moment" (D'Arco, p. 33) and is nothing more than"the ghost produced" (ibid) by this combination. 8). The legend drifts out of control.
It would seem that there is an articulation between the two theoretical systems: the "rudiment of a natural bond" which in Saussure constitutes the motivation of the symbol is explained by the "isomorphism" of the two planes. However, on one rather astonishing point the apparent similarity of the two theories is belied and revealed as only a partial overlapping. Algebra and chess, which are cited by Hjelmslev as examples of systems of symbols, could never be so considered in Saussure. This is shown quite unambiguously in the many celebrated comparisons of language with a game of chess (see CGL, 43; 23 / 125; 89 / 153; 110).
33) which is here ascribed to Dietrich is surely precisely the same as the status said by Saussure (see the texts quoted, p. 32 and p. 33) to be characteristic of the symbol. Thus Dietrich has the curious position of both being and not being a symbol. This is not, in fact, peculiar to him. For the concept symbol is set up to work as a vanishing point, destroying itself as soon as it is in place. Statements such as the following bear incontrovertible witness to this: "A symbol which can be explained as not having been originally a symbol is acceptable" (p.