By Mark Pedelty
At the Zocalo, the most sq. of Mexico urban, Mexico's complete musical heritage is played on a daily basis. 'Mexica' percussionists drum and dance to the track of Aztec rituals at the open plaza. contained in the Metropolitan Cathedral, choristers sing colonial villancicos. outdoor the nationwide Palace, the Mexican military marching band performs the 'Himno Nacional', a vestige of the 19th century. And everywhere in the sq., humans hearken to the modern sounds of father, rock, and musica grupera. In all, a few seven centuries of track continue a residing presence within the smooth urban. This e-book deals an updated, accomplished historical past and ethnography of musical rituals within the world's greatest urban. Mark Pedelty info the dominant musical rites of the Aztec, colonial, nationwide, progressive, smooth, and modern eras, interpreting the function that musical ritual performed in governance, resistance, and social switch. His strategy is twofold. ancient chapters describe the rituals and their features, whereas ethnographic chapters discover how those musical kinds proceed to resonate in modern Mexican society. As an entire, this booklet presents a dwelling list of cultural continuity, swap, and energy.
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Extra info for Musical Ritual in Mexico City: From the Aztec to NAFTA
This was made evident on January 12, 1998, when 80,000 –100,000 Mexico City residents marched through the city and ﬂooded into the zócalo to hear Zapatista spokespeople and others address the problems of rural Mexico. Among the speakers were survivors of the Acteal massacre, where forty-ﬁve of their fellow Tzotzil were killed. ” The march began miles away, at the Angel of Independence. The marchers were buoyed by the beat of the huehuetl and teponaztli, among other Mesoamerican instruments. The drums were held aloft as a direct challenge to police in riot gear as ﬂautists produced a loud cacophony of whistles, chirps, and broken melodies.
And turned Christian without reward or stipulation and His Majesty received them . . as . . subjects and vassals. Therefore I beg and require you as best I can . . [that] you recognize the church as lord and superior of the universal world, and the most elevated Pope . . in its name, and His Majesty in his place as superior and lord and king . . and consent that these religious fathers declare and preach . . and His Majesty and I in his name will receive you . . and will leave your women and children free, without servitude so that with them and with yourselves you can freely do what you wish and we will not compel you to turn Christians.
This four-part manifestation or “unfolding” of Tezcatlipoca represents religious syncretism, the melding of the Mexica god Huitzilopochtli into the more ancient pantheon of Mesoamerica. Huitzilopochtli himself developed through cultural concretion. Jonathan Kandell suggests that the Mexica borrowed their central deity from the Tarascans, who featured a hummingbird god (1988:27). The Mexica name Huitzilopochtli literally means “hummingbird on the left”: when one faces the setting sun from Aztlán with outstretched arms, the left hand points in the direction of the promised land to which Huitzilopochtli would lead his chosen people.