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By Martin Pumera

Nanotechnology brings new percentages for the advance of sensors, biosensors, and novel electrochemical bioassays. Nanoscale fabrics were broadly utilized in a wide selection of configurations — as electrode surfaces to advertise electrochemical response, as "wires" to enzymes connecting their redox facilities to electrode floor, as nanobarcodes for biomolecules, or as tags to enlarge the sign of a biorecognition event.

Nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors were utilized in many parts, together with melanoma diagnostics and the detection of infectious organisms. This publication studies very important achievements within the box of nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors and biosensors.

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By Martin Pumera

Nanotechnology brings new percentages for the advance of sensors, biosensors, and novel electrochemical bioassays. Nanoscale fabrics were broadly utilized in a wide selection of configurations — as electrode surfaces to advertise electrochemical response, as "wires" to enzymes connecting their redox facilities to electrode floor, as nanobarcodes for biomolecules, or as tags to enlarge the sign of a biorecognition event.

Nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors were utilized in many parts, together with melanoma diagnostics and the detection of infectious organisms. This publication studies very important achievements within the box of nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors and biosensors.

Show description

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Extra resources for Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Sensing and Biosensing

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E. (2011). New directions in screen printed electroanalytical sensors: an overview of recent developments, Analyst, 136, 1067. 75. Feldman, B. , Osterloh, J. , Hata, B. H. (1995). Electrochemical determination of low blood lead concentrations with a disposable carbon microarray electrode, Chin. , 41, 557. 76. Sheddon, B. , Girault, H. H. (1994). The application of excimer laser micromachining for the fabrication of disc microelectrodes, Electrochim. Acta, 39, 783. 77. , Zimmer, K. (1998). Evaluation of microelectrode arrays for amperometric detection by scanning electrochemical microscopy, Electroanalysis, 10, 526.

Another approach is to apply sonochemical ablation, effectively replacing the laser ablation discussed above, producing a random ensemble of microelectrodes with large graphitic microelectrodes with large size distribution, randomly separated from their nearest neighbors [79–81]. While these approaches are innovative, these are unlikely to be used in the mass production of microelectrode arrays due to the cost of manufacturing being prohibitive, but will of course depend on the desired application.

396, 241. 32. Campbell, F. , Compton, R. G. (2010). The use of nanoparticles in electroanalysis: an updated review, Anal. Bioanal. , 396, 241. 33. Toghill, K. , Compton, R. G. (2010). Metal nanoparticle modified boron doped diamond electrodes for use in electroanalysis, Electroanalysis, 22, 1947. , Compton, R. G. (2007). Diffusion-limited currents to nanoparticles of various shapes supported on an electrode; spheres, hemispheres, and distorted spheres and hemispheres, J. Phys. Chem. C, 111, 18049.

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