By Margaret Kosal
The pursuit of the minutely small – nanotechnology – is prospering in academia, within the deepest region, and in worldwide country technology and know-how courses. This paintings goals to raised let an educated nationwide debate and to impact foreign discussion at the position and effect of nanotechnology and rising technological know-how on nationwide safeguard and native land protection. Combining unique study with the findings of an interdisciplinary, defense-oriented workshop, the ebook explores the present realities and power for transformational breakthroughs in nanotechnology-based chemical and organic countermeasures, in addition to identifies study instructions in uncomplicated and utilized technological know-how. safety implications, either for normal nonproliferation regimes and for misuse via non-state actors also are thought of. This bold attempt serves manifold goals, together with the following:
• to provide policymakers a strategic roadmap to supply a foundation for examine course decisions;
• to supply an outline of the present and destiny demanding situations, either for army operations and for native land safeguard applications;
• to supply a survey of capability destiny proliferation and malfeasant co-option of rising technologies;
• to debate organizational constitution and administration of chemical and organic defense-related study and nanotechnology-related examine on the federal level.
• to offer potential to foster innovative expertise locally and spotlight overseas wishes for destiny nanotechnology study, cooperation, and protection globally.
Throughout, the emphasis is on innovative instead of evolutionary technological know-how and know-how. This paintings deliberately straddles among technical disciplines and social sciences making it really interdisciplinary. rules and paintings from around the experimental and theoretical actual and lifestyles sciences and engineering are incorporated and built-in with insights from the social sciences.
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Extra info for Nanotechnology for Chemical and Biological Defense
General considerations included the identification of supporting research directions needed and bottlenecks to overcome to achieve success, delineation of factors – technical and nontechnical – that would slow or speed development of countermeasure capabilities or threats, and articulation of key developments (breakthroughs, new platforms, and enabling infrastructure, and so on) that have to occur by 2010 and 2020 for the 2030 scenarios to occur. For the challenges of malfeasant cooption of nanotechnology, the participants also identified critical nodes or events to interdict negative consequences or crucial development points that are most disconcerting form a national security perspective, that is, places where effective programs can be implemented to prevent or limit a threat.
Physical and mechanical penetration of the suit may require additional protection. To achieve this, the suit may be designed to prevent penetration by ballistic or other impacts as a normal requirement. For example, the negative impact of normal cutting and scratching of the fabric can be minimized by using nanolayered, self-healing materials. An optimized shield could provide adequate protection from CB threats, as well as provide protection from more common ballistic threats. Pathways to Achieve Physical Protection Producing an ensemble with the properties of a “Borg Shield” by 2030 will require transitioning the appropriate basic research efforts out of the laboratory to an expanding manufacturing base.
The next-generation Army Combat Uniforms (ACUs) detect the TIC and transmit a signal to the team's commander. Nanoabsorbants in the uniform's fabric selectively encapsulate and neutralize the TIC—all transparent to the soldiers. The Communications Sergeant is automatically updated on the status for each team member's ACU to ensure readiness. In the world of 1000 Points of Grayness, this is a co-option of a commercially-available technology for hostile purposes perpetrated by an unpredictable foe.