By Barry Rubin, Wolfgang G. Schwanitz
Through the Nineteen Thirties and Forties, a distinct and lasting political alliance used to be solid between 3rd Reich leaders, Arab nationalists, and Muslim non secular gurus. From this dating sprang a sequence of dramatic occasions that, regardless of their profound influence at the process international warfare II, remained mystery previously. during this groundbreaking ebook, esteemed center East students Barry Rubin and Wolfgang G. Schwanitz discover for the 1st time the full tale of this risky alliance and discover its carrying on with effect on Arab politics within the twenty-first century.
Rubin and Schwanitz show, for instance, the whole scope of Palestinian chief Amin al-Husaini’s help of Hitler’s genocidal plans opposed to ecu and heart jap Jews. moreover, they disclose the level of Germany’s long term promoting of Islamism and jihad.
Drawing on exceptional examine in eu, American, and center East records, many lately opened and not prior to written approximately, the authors supply new perception at the intertwined improvement of Nazism and Islamism and its impression at the glossy center East.
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Additional resources for Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East
During World War I, von Oppenheim’s office produced over one thousand publications in nine European and twelve Middle Eastern and Asian languages—four hundred of them in 1914 and 1915 alone— and distributed three million copies of books, newspapers, journals, pamphlets, and leaflets. 45 The most important readers for von Oppenheim’s publications were, literally, a captive audience: Muslim prisoners of war—mainly Indians from the British forces and North Africans from the French armies— held by Germany.
Typical was a 1915 fatwa by Hibat ad-Din Muhammad ash-Shahrastani, translated by Helmut Ritter of the Sixth Ottoman Army in Baghdad and Carl Brockelmann of Halle University. Becker checked the text 42 A Jihad Made in Germany and von Oppenheim’s organization distributed it widely. 50 The fatwa began with a question: “Germans are Christians and now helpers of Muslims. But they are also infidels like the Russians, En glish, Italians, and French. ” Ash-Shahrastani answered, “There are two kinds of infidels.
45 The most important readers for von Oppenheim’s publications were, literally, a captive audience: Muslim prisoners of war—mainly Indians from the British forces and North Africans from the French armies— held by Germany. There were about nine hundred of them at first. To indoctrinate and recruit them, these potential turncoats were moved into two special camps near Berlin, each with a mosque. 46 The means for actually carrying out the grand plan were limited. Nevertheless, the long-awaited moment arrived.