By Steven M. Kurtz Ph.D.
, Page ii
, Pages ii-iii
, Page iv
, Pages vii-viii
List of Contributors
, Pages ix-x
Chapter 1 - an outline of PEEK Biomaterials
, Pages 1-7
Chapter 2 - Synthesis and Processing of PEEK for Surgical Implants
, Pages 9-22
Chapter three - Compounds and Composite Materials
, Pages 23-48
Chapter four - Morphology and Crystalline structure of Polyaryletherketones
, Pages 49-60
Chapter five - Fracture, Fatigue, and Notch habit of PEEK
, Pages 61-73
Chapter 6 - Chemical and Radiation balance of PEEK
, Pages 75-79
Chapter 7 - Biocompatibility of Polyaryletheretherketone Polymers
, Pages 81-92
Chapter eight - Bacterial Interactions with Polyaryletheretherketone
, Pages 93-117
Chapter nine - Thermal Plasma Spray Deposition of Titanium and Hydroxyapatite on Polyaryletheretherketone Implants
, Pages 119-143
Chapter 10 - floor amendment options of Polyetheretherketone, together with Plasma floor Treatment
, Pages 145-161
Chapter eleven - Bioactive Polyaryletherketone Composites
, Pages 163-179
Chapter 12 - Porosity in Polyaryletheretherketone
, Pages 181-199
Chapter thirteen - functions of Polyaryletheretherketone in Spinal Implants: Fusion and movement Preservation
, Pages 201-220
Chapter 14 - Isoelastic Polyaryletheretherketone Implants for overall Joint Replacement
, Pages 221-242
Chapter 15 - purposes of Polyetheretherketone in Trauma, Arthroscopy, and Cranial disorder Repair
, Pages 243-260
Chapter sixteen - Arthroplasty Bearing Surfaces
, Pages 261-275
Chapter 17 - FDA rules of Polyaryletheretherketone Implants
, Pages 277-292
, Pages 293-298
Read Online or Download PEEK Biomaterials Handbook PDF
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Extra info for PEEK Biomaterials Handbook
The term “composites” is usually used when the reinforcing component comprises long, or continuous, fibers and the term “compound” when the additive is in the form of discrete particles, such as powder, flakes, or short fibers. The respective manufacturing routes for each of these classes of material and their resulting physical properties are quite different, as will be explained in this chapter. Classical examples of naturally occurring fibrous composites include wood and bone. It is well known that wood is a combination of cellulose fibers in a lignin polymer “matrix” and that bone is a combination of inorganic hydroxyapatite (calcium phosphate compound) and organic Type 1 collagen (protein) fiber, but the point here is that, for each of these materials, it is the specific combination and interaction of their constituent parts that together impart the observed desirable physical and mechanical properties.
A composite material (and compound), then, comprises a polymer matrix, additive in the form of a powder, flakes, or fibers, and an interface between them. 1 Role of the Matrix In polymer composite systems, the matrix is typically the component with the lowest tensile strength and stiffness (modulus of elasticity) 3: C OMPOUNDS AND C OMPOSITE M ATERIALS 27 combination with carbon fibers. There is also an inherently strong interface between carbon fiber and matrix that occurs when they are blended and heated together such that the polymer melts and coats the fibers, then cools, crystallizes, and solidifies.
A weak fiber/ matrix interface (with low shear strength) would mean that fibers would likely de-bond from the matrix at low applied stress and in this case the material would be relatively weakened and the fibers would be relatively inefficient at reinforcing the polymer. A strong interface between fiber and matrix allows for more efficient fiber utilization, meaning that a greater proportion of each fiber is capable of sustaining load. 7 is an electron micrograph of a PEEK/ short carbon fiber fracture surface showing PEEK polymer matrix adhering to carbon fibers after a tensile test.