By Marianne Mithun
A dialogue of the challenge in protection of North American Indian languages seems at numerous basic and particular concerns. First, it examines in brief present efforts by way of foreign organisations for upkeep of endangered languages around the world. The dialogue then turns to North American Indian languages, and especially to 3 matters: (1) how one can set priorities approximately which languages and types of languages to record, and the connection among linguists and the group during this attempt; (2) the types of cooperative initiatives which were winning up to now; and (3) the social accountability of the linguist, as a scientist and as a instructor of destiny researchers. The urgency of the matter is emphasised. (MSE). Read more...
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Extra info for Preservation of North American Indian Languages
The last known speaker diedin 1965. Nawathinehenawas an Algonquianlanguagecloselyrelatedto Arapahothat was spoken southof the NorthernArapahobandson the High Plainsin the early nineteenthcentury. Its phonologyis quite distinct from that ofArapaho and sharessomeinnovationswith Cheyenne,which waspresumablya southernneighborat an earlierlocation. L. Kroeber amongthe SouthemArapahoin 1899. Naukan Yupik. SeeEast CapeYupik Navajo is a well-establishedlanguagewithin the SouthemAthabaskandialectcomplex.
The last childhood near spenther thoughtto be part of a "Coahuiltecan"family Karankawais now consideredto be an isolate. Karkin. SeeCostanoan Karuk, an isolate,often associatedwith the controversialHokan stock,is the heritage languageof the Karuk Tribe of the KlamathRiver in northwestemCalifomia Thereare fewer than a dozenfluent firstJanguagespeakers,ard a largernumberof semi-speakers andpassivespeakers. Kashaya or SouthwesternPomo is a languageofthe Pomoanfamily, spokenby several dozenpeoplealongthe Califomia coastnearthe mouth of the RussianRiver.
After the Huron Confederacywas destroyedby the hoquois around1650in a war over control of the fur trade,someHuronssettledat still live, while descendants Lorette,nearQuebecCity, wheretheir French-sp€aking group southof Windsor, moved to Amherstburg, there one From moved to Ohio. Huron wasdocumentedby Frenchmissionariesworking in Canadain the seventeenthandeighteenthcenturies,and Wyandotby Marius Barbeauin Ontarioand Oklahomain the earlytwentiethcentury. Island Chumash Qslefio) wasthe Chumashlanguageorieinally spokenon threeislands in the SantaBarbaraCharmel-San Miguel, SantaRos4 and SantaCruz-but with the establishmentof the Spanishmissions,the Island communitieswererelocatedon the It wasquite distinct from the Chumash mainland primarily at SanBuenaventuralanguagesof the adjacentmainland,BarbarefroandVenturefro.