By Otto Koester
Seeing infants in a brand new gentle: The lifetime of Hanus Papousek offers the 1st in-depth exam of the medical contributions and lifetime of Hanus Papousek (1922-2000), a number one determine in glossy infancy learn. the purpose is to light up the learn and concepts of this pediatrician and student who used to be one of many first to ascertain systematically the area of newborns, a comparatively new quarter of developmental examine within the mid-20th century.
Papousek's pioneering stories of babies within the early Fifties in Prague are tested to teach how his early conditioning stories, including these of a handful of different researchers within the united states, shattered triumphing perspectives of infancy in either the East and West. The e-book additionally investigates how Papousek and his paintings, regardless of chilly battle attitudes and regulations, progressively won overseas realization within the early Sixties. In 1970, he left Czechoslovakia to start a brand new existence within the West, first at Harvard collage, after which on the Max-Planck Institute for Psychiatry in Munich. till his retirement, Papousek released many cutting edge stories on parent-infant interactions and constructed a conception of Intuitive Parenting together with his spouse, Mechthild. those theoretical and methodological contributions are mentioned, in addition to modern purposes to interventions within the quarter of boy or girl psychological health.
This e-book appeals to lecturers and execs operating within the fields of developmental psychology, early formative years schooling, infancy stories, parenting, and the background of psychology--as good as scholars getting ready for careers in those components.
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Extra info for Seeing Babies in a New Light: The Life of Hanus Papousek
He proceeded to propose a “nervistic” notion of disease that defines illness as a “qualitatively new process of life functioning activity that develops as a result of the influence of an unusual stimulus or organ isms” (H. Papousek, 1955, p. 641; translation provided by Katarina Guttmannova). “Nervistic” disease, according to Papousek, is characterized both by a functional disruption of the neuroregulatory apparatus, and by a reflexive switching on of defensive physiological mechanisms. Disease, he concluded, is the result of disequilibrium between the organism and the ex ternal environment, and the basic stages of infectious diseases illustrate how reflex processes play a part in the origins and development of patholo gies and the defense of the organism against disease.
When asked YOUTH, EDUCATION, AND EARLY PROFESSIONAL YEARS 19 later about his reasons for becoming a member, Papousek gave several justi fications for his decision. One of these, realistically, was to improve his chances for professional advancement. As some of his colleagues later con firmed, after 1948, it became almost impossible for medical school gradu ates to obtain good positions without Party membership. Papousek himself had already received numerous indications to this effect himself, and ex tensive evidence is available to document how, with few exceptions, many professions were closed to anyone who was not a member.
And so, you know, we were discour aged from doing anything, and I also told my cousin this, but he didn’t obey. So he started boyish actions, decided to find an old printing machine and produce leaflets. And as you can imagine, a month later he was already ar rested. ” That means, we’ll do what we are expected to do, but we’ll add some of our own way to it. And I have to say that was quite effec tive. .. There was a group o f people who decided to join the Party, and care fully differentiate what to accept from the program and what n o t .