By Roy L Whistler; James N BeMiller; Eugene F Paschall
Starch: Chemistry and Technology.
content material: entrance disguise; participants; Starch: Chemistry and expertise; Copyright web page; desk OF CONTENTS; checklist OF members; PREFACE; CONTENTS OF earlier VOLUMES; bankruptcy I. historical past and destiny Expectation of Starch Use; I. creation; II. Early historical past; III. American improvement; IV. Waxy Corn; V. High-Amylose Corn; VI. way forward for Starch; VII. References; bankruptcy II. Economics and way forward for the Starch undefined; I. advent; II. Statistical Estimation of the call for for Starch; III. Projected destiny Volumes of Corn prone to Be utilized by the Wet-Milling IV. association of the Corn Wet-Milling IndustryV. References; bankruptcy III. Genetics and body structure of Starch improvement; I. creation; II. prevalence; III. mobile Developmental Gradients; IV. Nonmutant Starch Granule Polysaccharide Composition; V. Nonmutant Starch Granule and Plastid Morphology; VI. Polysaccharide Biosynthesis; VII. Mutant results; VIII. Conclusions; IX. References; bankruptcy IV. Enzymes within the Hydrolysis and Synthesis of Starch; I. advent and type of Starch Hydrolases; II. Assay tools for Amylases; III. constitution and homes of the Amylases IV. motion of AmylasesV. Biosynthesis of Starch; VI. References; bankruptcy V. Starch Oligosaccharides: Linear, Branched, and Cyclic; I. advent; II. Linear and Branched Starch Oligosaccharides; III. Cycloamyloses; IV. contemporary guides relating to Maltooligosaccharide coaching and usage now not pointed out within the textual content; V. fresh courses concerning Cycloamyloses now not pointed out within the textual content; VI. References; bankruptcy VI. Molecular constitution of Starch; I. normal Nature of Starch; II. Fractionation of Starch; III. Methylation research; IV. Maltose, the Repeating Unit V. MaltooligosaccharidesVI. Nature of Amylose; VII. Nature of Amylopectin; VIII. Structural symptoms by way of Periodate Oxidation; IX. Starch Hydrolysis; X. Starch Phosphate Esters; XI. References; bankruptcy VII. association of Starch Granules; I. advent; II. organic and Biochemical features of Starch Granule constitution; III. Ordered constitution of Starch Granules; IV. Amorphous or Gel section of Starch Granules; V. function of Water in Starch Granules; VI. Granule Swelling and Gelatinization; VII. References; bankruptcy VIII. Fractionation of Starch; I. creation; II. Molecular Weight of Fractions III. Chromatographie SeparationIV. Aqueous Leaching of Gelatinized Granules; V. Dispersion of the Granule and Fractionation with Complexing brokers; VI. Fractional Precipitation; VII. Fractionation through Retrogradation and regulated Polymer Crystallization; VIII. Conformation of Amylose in Dilute resolution; IX. resolution homes of Amylose; X. resolution houses of Amylopectin; XI. Amylose motion pictures; XII. makes use of for Amylose and Amylopectin; XIII. References; bankruptcy IX. Gelatinization of Starch and Mechanical homes of Starch Pastes; I. advent; II. Granule Composition and Structure
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Rates of Return in Corn Refining Because most firms in the corn wet-milling industry are diversified, their reported measures of profitability, which are for the firms' entire operations, may obscure earnings in their corn refining activities. However, because of the leading position of CPC International (formerly Corn Products Refining Company) and the fact that this firm's business remains heavily oriented toward corn refining, the firm's reported data may give a general indication of earnings in corn refining.
6 0 0 2 Source: References 17 and 18. relatively small during the 1950s and 1960s. 32 cents per pound. 22 cents per pound in 1960. 58 cents per pound. 38 cents in 1967, where it remained until 1970. 6 cents per pound in mid-1979. Selective allowances were made from quoted prices principally during the latter part of the 1960s, but allowances apparently were discontinued in the 1970s. Because corn is a major cost component, amounting to 76% of the cost of materials consumed by the industry in 1977, and because the price of corn is much more variable than the price of starch, changes in corn prices tend to be related inversely to changes in earnings of corn refining companies.
GENETICS AND PHYSIOLOGY OF STARCH DEVELOPMENT 27 No chapter can adequately cover all aspects of starch development, biosynthesis, and genetics. Readers wishing more detailed information should consult the books by Badenhuizen (7), Radley (2), and Banks and Greenwood (3)\ and review papers by Creech (4), Nelson (5), Preiss and Levi (6), Juliano (7), Marshall (8), Preiss (285), Preiss and Levi (286), and Banks and Muir (287). II. OCCURRENCE 1. General Distribution Starch can be found in all organs of most higher plants (7,9).