By David J. McLaughlin, Joseph W. Spatafora
This quantity contains remedies of systematics and similar issues for either fungi and fungus-like organisms in 4 eukaryotic supergroups, in addition to really expert chapters on nomenclature, recommendations and evolution. those organisms are of significant curiosity to mycologists, plant pathologists and others, together with these drawn to the animal parasitic Microsporidia. Our wisdom of the systematics and evolution of fungi has made nice strides because the first version of this quantity, mostly pushed via molecular phylogenetic analyses. Consensus between mycologists has resulted in a good systematic remedy that has for the reason that turn into generally followed and is integrated into this moment version, in addition to loads of new info on evolution and ecology. The systematic chapters disguise prevalence, distribution, monetary value, morphology and ultrastructure, improvement of taxonomic conception, category and upkeep and tradition. different chapters care for nomenclatural alterations necessitated by way of revisions of the foreign Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and crops, together with the removing of separate names for asexual states, in addition to equipment for protection of cultures and specimens, personality evolution and strategies for ultrastructural research, the fungal fossil list and the influence of complete genomes on fungal studies.
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Additional info for Systematics and Evolution: Part A
B. Taxonomy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C. Distribution and Occurrence. . . . . . . V. Ecological Significance . . . . . . . . . . . . References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 21 22 23 25 26 26 27 28 31 32 34 34 I. Introduction One of the deep branches of the eukaryotic tree of life consists of an assemblage of amoeboid protists referred to as the supergroup Amoebozoa (Fiore-Donno et al. 2010). The most diverse members of the Amoebozoa are the eumycetozoans, commonly referred to as slime molds.
Finally, the Amoebozoa (Stephenson 2014) includes slime molds of both the social, cellular type (Dictyosteliomycota) and the plasmodial type (Myxomycota) and relatives, such as Ceratiomyxa and Protostelium. Dictyosteliomycota are ubiquitous and serve as model systems for research as diverse as cell migration (Ridley et al. 2003) and evolutionary cheating (Strassmann et al. 2000). Myxomycota are also model systems for research as diverse as biological oscillation (Takamatsu et al. 2000) and maze solving (Nakagaki et al.
Here, fungi known only from environmental nucleic acid sequences will dominate biodiversity and will likely be among the species most important to ecosystem function. One area where such studies may prove fruitful is in documenting the biological response to global change. Given that the diversity of fungi will far outweigh that of animals or plants in any given ecosystem, it seems likely that some of these fungi will be the best sentinels for recognizing the effects of global change. One can even imagine an automated means of assessing the presence of these sentinel fungi over a region where assessing the effects of global change was a priority.