By Pentti Ikonen
'This vital paintings has turn into a vintage in Finnish psychoanalytic pondering. it truly is one of many cornerstones within the education of psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis in our nation. The authors' deep knowing has clarified Freud's ultimate drive-instinct conception including very important additions which are an exceptional assist in integrating it with item family members theory.'- Olavi Hamalainen, President, Finnish Psychoanalytical Institute
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Extra info for Thanatos, Shame and Other Essays
A similar situation will arise when the mind has been disturbed so intensively that it is unable to endure any more. The individual will then respond strongly to even slight disturbances. He may produce the impression of having a particular need to “vent his aggression”, as we often hear people saying. What is concerned, however, is a person who wants precisely relief of his painful state of mind. In some cases, we may also see desperate “all or nothing”, or “at any cost whatever”, attempts to remove the disturbance.
Though the tendency towards peace and that towards satisfaction are two distinct psychic tendencies, they need not necessarily— despite what was said just above—be contradictory to each other. Sometimes they work in the same direction and co-operate with each other. In such a happy case, both peace and satisfaction will prevail, at least momentarily. Often, however, we have to be content either with satisfaction, at the expense of peace, or with peace, at the cost of satisfaction. Aggressive behaviour: an unavoidable evil?
This lack is partly compensated for by the binding of psychic energy, or by the replacement of a free cathexis with a partly bound one. Following this, an increase in the degree of binding and other cathectic mental events aiming at a further reduction of the disturbance become possible (Freud, 1920g). Dreams and anxiety spells repeating a trauma seek to master the ﬂood of instinctual energy stimulated by the trauma by binding it to the affect of anxiety and various images. ); that is, by binding it to particular mental contents and providing it with a given mental form.