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By Clive Finlayson, Darren Fa

Gibraltar is not just an archetypal castle, maintaining in its dominating topography and partitions, bastions and emplacements a wealthy testomony to prolonged classes of human clash, however it is usually a different checklist of the evolution of the sciences of fortification and linked shielding constructions over a interval of greater than six centuries. Gibraltar has a fancy and sundry army background, mendacity because it does on the gateway to the Mediterranean and the assembly issues of the continents of Europe and Africa. Its background, consistently formed by way of its targeted blend of strategic place and topography, starts off in precedent days with successive occupations via Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Romans. It then gone through Arab, Castilian and Spanish arms, and has been a British ownership considering 1704. The Rock served as a base for Nelson's fleet within the Napoleonic Wars and, in global conflict II, for the Royal Navy's job strength 'H' and as as a necessary preventing position for offer convoys plying to and from the East throughout the Suez Canal and helping the Allied attempt within the Mediterranean Theater. An extraordinary volume of tunnelling happened on Gibraltar, making it a veritable warren that housed airplane hangars, ammunition shops, hospitals or even a mystery chamber (the Stay-Behind Cave) that was once to be manned as an statement put up within the occasion of a adverse takeover.

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By Clive Finlayson, Darren Fa

Gibraltar is not just an archetypal castle, maintaining in its dominating topography and partitions, bastions and emplacements a wealthy testomony to prolonged classes of human clash, however it is usually a different checklist of the evolution of the sciences of fortification and linked shielding constructions over a interval of greater than six centuries. Gibraltar has a fancy and sundry army background, mendacity because it does on the gateway to the Mediterranean and the assembly issues of the continents of Europe and Africa. Its background, consistently formed by way of its targeted blend of strategic place and topography, starts off in precedent days with successive occupations via Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Romans. It then gone through Arab, Castilian and Spanish arms, and has been a British ownership considering 1704. The Rock served as a base for Nelson's fleet within the Napoleonic Wars and, in global conflict II, for the Royal Navy's job strength 'H' and as as a necessary preventing position for offer convoys plying to and from the East throughout the Suez Canal and helping the Allied attempt within the Mediterranean Theater. An extraordinary volume of tunnelling happened on Gibraltar, making it a veritable warren that housed airplane hangars, ammunition shops, hospitals or even a mystery chamber (the Stay-Behind Cave) that was once to be manned as an statement put up within the occasion of a adverse takeover.

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Extra resources for The Fortifications of Gibraltar 1068-1945 (Fortress, Volume 52)

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One of the best-preserved and maintained batteries is Napier of Magdala, which contains Gibraltar’s surviving 100-ton gun. The site is operated by the Gibraltar Tourist Board. 7in. heavy anti-aircraft gun from World War II. In September 2002, the Gibraltar Museum arranged a mock-firing of the 100-ton gun, assisted by soldiers from the Royal Gibraltar Regiment in period costume. The Rosia Batteries together with the Victualling Yard complex continue to remain in relatively good condition although some parts are unfortunately being lost to demand for developable sites.

A reclamation, bounded by the wharf wall, extended north to Ragged Staff Wharf. The workshops, stores and offices were erected on the reclamation. Eight slipways for torpedo-boat destroyers, a boat house and a slip for small boats were located at the northern end of the yard. North of the Ragged Staff was the auxiliary camber for torpedo-boats. In all, 43 acres were reclaimed and the new buildings covered 11 acres of this new land. 1,600ft of retaining wall were erected at the head of No. 1 Dock and at the south entrance to the Dockyard.

This meant that a successful defence would depend on the holding of the counterguards. Unfortunately, once built, it was difficult to radically modify these, so Jones reluctantly proposed the introduction of casemated guns to cover the ditch. The casemates can still be seen. His other recommendation was for the use of musketry fire to enfilade the curtain walls leaving the large guns to engage enemy ships. Wink Text The King’s Bastion being reconstructed to take four 10in. 5in. rifled muzzle-loading guns.

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