By Jean-Claude Piris
With a foreword by means of Angela Merkel
Given the controversies and problems which preceded the arriving into strength of the Lisbon Treaty, you could fail to remember that the Treaty is a posh criminal rfile wanting precise research for its influence to be absolutely understood. Jean-Claude Piris, the Director basic of the criminal provider of the Council of the eu Union, presents such an research, taking a look at the historic and political contexts of the Treaty, its effect at the democratic framework of the ecu and its provisions on the subject of significant legislation. neutral criminal research of the EU's features, its powers and the treaties which govern it make this the seminal textual content at the most vital contemporary improvement in ecu legislations.
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Extra info for The Lisbon Treaty: A Legal and Political Analysis
See, among others, P. Magnette and K. Nicola¨ıdis, ‘The European Convention: Bargaining in the Shadow of Rhetoric’ (2004) 27 West European Politics 381; G. Milton and J. Keller-No¨ellet, The European Constitution: Its Origins, Negotiation and Meaning (London: John Harper Publishing, 2005); J. ’ (2003) 4 German Law Journal 785; P. Norman, The Accidental Constitution: The Making of Europe’s Constitutional Treaty (Brussels: EuroComment, 2005). 16 the lisbon treaty The Convention started in February 2002, completing its work a year and a half later, in July 2003, with a ‘draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe’.
E. Protocols no. 1, 2, 8, 9, 12, 23, 32, 33, 34 and 36 from the list of Protocols, OJ No. C310, 16 December 2004). 20 The Constitutional Treaty, as all other EU Treaties, did not determine in itself what kind of policies would be decided by the competent legislative authorities, but enabled them to act and set out the limits within which they would be authorised to adopt the policies they would determine. The term ‘policies’ was therefore not well chosen and gave rise to misunderstandings. 21 Therefore, one could say that the Constitutional Treaty, in particular with its user-friendly Part I, would have achieved, in terms of readability, the objective of simplifying the Treaties ‘with a view to making them clearer and better understood without changing them’ (see the four questions of the 2000 Nice Declaration, Box 3).
The report will subsequently be examined by the European Council. The outcome of this examination will serve as the basis for further decisions on how to continue the reform process, it being understood that the necessary steps to that effect will have been taken during the second semester of 2008 at the latest. Each Presidency in office since the start of the reflection period has a particular responsibility to ensure the continuity of this process. 49. The European Council calls for the adoption, on 25 March 2007 in Berlin, of a political declaration by EU leaders, setting out Europe’s values and ambitions and confirming their shared commitment to deliver them, commemorating fifty years of the Treaties of Rome.