By Alfred Adler
This ancient publication could have a variety of typos and lacking textual content. buyers can frequently obtain a unfastened scanned replica of the unique booklet (without typos) from the writer. now not listed. now not illustrated. 1917 version. Excerpt: ... PREFACE After I had made the try and examine within the "Studie iiber Minderwertigkeit von Organen," the constitution and tectonic of organs in organization with their genetic foundation, their sensible strength and future, I proceeded, helping myself upon already to be had facts in addition to upon my very own adventure, to use an analogous procedure within the research of psyoliopathology. within the booklet earlier than us are embraced an important result of my comparative, individualpsychologic reviews of the neuroses. As used to be the case within the idea of somatic inferiority, an empiric foundation is made use 6T in comparative individual-psychology for the aim of building a lively ordinary of normality with a view to allow one to degree and examine with it grades of deviation from it. In either one of those clinical endeavors, the comparative approach to research reckons with the starting place o-f-phenomena, dismisses from attention the current and seeks to stipulate from them the longer term. this system of process leads us to view the compulsion of evolution and the pathological elaboration because the results of a clash which breaks forth within the natural sphere for the aim of accomplishing equipoise, useful potential and variation; an analogous fight within the psychic sphere is lower than the command of a fictitious suggestion of character whose impression dominates the advance of the neurotic personality and signs. If within the natural sphere, "the person develops right into a unit mass within which the entire person components cooperate towards a standard objective" (Virchow), if a few of the talents and traits of the person have a tendency towards a purposefully directed, unitpersonality, then we may possibly glance upon each manifestation of existence as though in its previous, current and destiny there ar
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Extra resources for The Neurotic Constitution: Outlines of a Comparative Individualistic Psychology and Psychotherapy
THE FEELING OF INFERIORITY 9 ambition. All later trains of thought and activities of the neurotic are constructed similarly with his childhood wish phantasy. The U recurrence of the identical" (Nietzsche) is nowhere so well illustrated as in the neurotic. His feeling of inferiority in the presence of men and things, his uncertainty in the world force him to an accentuation of his guiding principles. To these he clings throughout life in order to orient himself in existence by means of his beliefs and superstitions, in order to overcome his feeling of inferiority, in order to rescue his sense of egoconsciousness, in order to possess a subterfuge to avoid a muchdreaded degradation.
One must, however, call attention to the similarity, the significance of this uncertainty and 'the device of a fiction in normal persons, neurotics and the insane. The part of this process which is common to all humanity, normal and abnormal, is that the apperceiving memory is under the sway of the guiding fiction. It is because of this that there exists within certain limits in all mankind a uniformity concerning a cosmic conception. The child in its insignificance and helplessness will constantly strive to enlarge his field of power and will mark this field off after the pattern of that which seems to possess the greatest strength.
From this point of departure, which is takeri as a fixed pole in the flux of phenomena, the child psyche projects its thoughts towards the goal which it longs to reach. These thoughts, too, are apprehended as fixed points by the abstract conceptions of human understanding and are then concretely interpreted. , and the conduct, the attitude, the imitative gestures, the play of children and their wishes, the day dreams and favorite stories, ideas about their future vocation show us that the compensatory tendency is at work and is making preparations for the future role.