By Gregory McIntosh
This designated learn bargains new observation and explication of an incredible milestone in cartography. Correcting past paintings of Paul Kahle and stating the traps that experience stuck next students, McIntosh disproves the doubtful end that the Reis map embodied Columbus's 3rd Voyage map of 1498, exhibiting that it attracts in its place at the moment Voyage of 1493-1496. He additionally refutes the preferred misinterpretation that Reis's depictions of Antarctica are proof of both old civilizations or extraterrestrial visitation. McIntosh brings jointly all that has been formerly recognized in regards to the map and likewise assembles for the 1st time the translations of all inscriptions at the map and analyzes all place-names given for brand new international and Atlantic islands. His paintings clarifies long-standing mysteries and opens up new methods of taking a look at the heritage of exploration.
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Extra resources for The Piri Reis Map of 1513
None of these (if the reading is correct) seem to be appropriate in the context. The meaning intended by Piri Reis or the source map from which he obtained this information is not known. It may be that Piri Reis was merely giving the name of the beast without there being any significance to its meaning or etymology. Inscription no. 25 is written on the coast of present-day Brazil: 25. This territory is inhabited and there are many people. Inscription no. 23 is next to the image of the monoceros discussed above: 23.
In this place: It is related by the Portuguese infidel that in this place night and day are, at their shortest period, of two hours duration, and at their longest phase, of twenty-two hours. The day is very warm and in the night there is much dew.
It does not appear to be true that Piri Reis, by depicting creatures on his map, was deviating from what were normal and expected decorations for the time. Although it is recorded that the early explorers were on the lookout for these traditional mythical creatures, the Piri Reis map is one of the few maps to depict these medieval legendary beasts in the New World. We can only guess as to how they came to be shown in South America on the Piri Reis map. Although these marvelous beasts continued to illustrate some books in the Renaissance,30 only a few other early maps attribute these ancient fabulous beasts to the New World, such as the Sebastian Cabot map of 1544, which, according to a map legend, ascribes them to South America, and the maps of Guiana by Hondius and de Bry, both of 1599.