By Roy Allison
In a survey of Soviet attitudes towards the massive staff of 3rd international nations outdoors the first alliances, usually known as the non-aligned states, the publication assesses the coverage implications of Soviet perspectives on neutrality, non-alignment, the Non-Aligned move, neutralization, and alignment within the 3rd international. a main goal is to contemplate how a long way Soviet leaders have accredited the self sustaining international coverage aspirations of non-aligned states and to give an explanation for the needs in the back of Soviet encouragement for the prestige or technique of non-alignment within the Nineteen Seventies and Nineteen Eighties. The examine questions even if Soviet leaders are capable or keen to simply accept non-alignment or neutrality as an intermediate prestige among the jap and Western blocs in foreign affairs. The Soviet view of the collective time table of the non-aligned states on foreign safety matters is analyzed, and the topical query of ways the USSR is aware army alignment and the first North/South army dating is tested.
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Additional info for The Soviet Union and the Strategy of Non-Alignment in the Third World
49 The Soviet Union was concerned that the attractiveness of the 'two superpowers' notion would increase Chinese influence among nationalist Third World leaders and distance them from the Soviet bloc. In the 1970s Soviet specialists also began to outline a legal framework governing the rights and obligations associated with non-alignment and the Non-Aligned Movement. This involved shedding much of the legal framework Moscow had sought to attach to Third World neutralism (influenced by the Soviet view of European neutrality) and identifying more pragmatic legal criteria relevant to a more organised group of independently minded states and Soviet interests towards them.
The characteristic feature of this novel status was identified only in the ability of the positive neutrals, in contrast to permanently neutral states, freely to determine their position upon the outbreak of a. war. These lawyers interpreted Khrushchev's maxim of 1961, according to which the neutralists advocate peace and oppose war, to mean that such states were neutral 'only in relation to the aggressive blocs of imperialist states'. 17 This is reminiscent of the earlier Soviet distinction between the legitimacy of neutrality in just and unjust wars.
In Soviet eyes this precludes the Non-Aligned Movement turning into an international intergovernmental organisation in the ordinary sense. It is Non-alignment and the Non-Aligned Movement defined instead as a new institution of international relations and international law. Soviet specialists describe the relationship between the Non-Aligned Movement and the United Nations as one of mutual influence. 56 Soviet officials were suspicious of the tendency towards a further institutionalisation of the Non-Aligned Movement in the 1970s.